He was the Scottish Lord Advocate and an MP for Edinburgh and Midlothian, and the First Lord of the Admiralty. Hogging vaccines endangers all nations, warns SA, Biden to halt new drilling on federal lands, The comic in jail for jokes he didn't crack, Why convicting Trump just got a lot harder, When your 'pandemic puppy' doesn't work out, Dave Grohl: 'I dreamt I was shot in the back', The dressmaker helping Australia with modified masks. The dressmaker helping Australia with modified masks. VideoThe dressmaker helping Australia with modified masks, A raccoon, pony and other White House pets. The 150ft Melville Monument in St Andrew Square honours 18th Century politician Henry Dundas, who delayed the abolition of the slave trade. A direct descendant of Henry Dundas has said the slave trade would have been abolished decades later had it not been for his ancestor. A descendent of Scottish aristocrat Henry Dundas hit back against accusations that his ancestor supported slavery and said that the practice in the UK would have been abolished decades later if not for his distant relative, the BBC reported on Sunday. Le 7 juin 2020, lors d'une manifestation Black Lives Matter, le monument de Melville a été tagué par des militants anti-esclavage [2]. Althea Dundas-Baker (pictured with her daughter, Henrietta), the owner of Arniston House, Henry Dundas's birthplace in Midlothian, Scotland, said her ancestor has been 'falsely accused'. Dundas was a crucial figure in the expansion of British influence in India and dominated the East India Company, with the monument in his honour built in … Polémique sur Dundas et le mouvement abolitionniste. Prof Brian Young, of Oxford University, has also written about Henry Dundas. Dundas decided the key would be to refer to the abolition as “gradual”, implying that slave owners were not to be dispossessed overnight. 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Who are the Dundas family? I’m still not sure I will in fact appear, partly because I did not get on well with the producer and in answer to her questions gave answers that it struck me she was none too eager to hear – for instance, that Dundas had his good sides and his bad sides but proved overall to be a benefactor of his country. of Capt. Read about our approach to external linking. A number of cities have been reviewing the way in which public statues glorify figures associated with slavery and the colonial era, after a series of Black Lives Matter demonstrations. BBC - Your Paintings - Henry Dundas, Viscount Melville; BBC - Your Paintings - The 1st Viscount Melville; view all Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville's Timeline. BBC News "Henry Dundas descendant defends ancestor's record" 14-6-20. David Rannie, shipbuilder, of Melville Castle, 1s. Always a controversial figure, he made many enemies but also enjoyed high renown among a wider public. Columnist Iain Macwhirter remarked that a powerful politician who is also a bit of a rascal made him sound preferable to the grimmer types who rule the UK nowadays. Birth of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville. Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, PC, FRSE (28 April 1742 – 28 May 1811) was a Scottish advocate and "independent Whig" politician.He was the trusted lieutenant of British prime minister William Pitt, and the most powerful man in Scotland in the latter decades of the 18th century. Published. The Category A listed column dominates St Andrew Square, in the heart of the New Town which Dundas helped to establish. The first is that I was invited to appear on the programme, and indeed was interviewed for it. "Dundas both defended and expanded the British empire, imposing colonial rule on indigenous peoples. Data returned from the Piano 'meterActive/meterExpired' callback event. Furthermore, some locations named after Henry Dundas might come under pressure to address their association with his name. © 2021 BBC. The Melville Monument in Edinburgh has become a focal point for Black Lives Matter protests. 1742 April 28, 1742. Are you sure you want to delete this comment? Sir Tom Devine: Scapegoating of Henry Dundas on the issue of Scottish slavery is wrong - and BBC documentary was a miserable failure . He said that after a failed attempt by politicians to get the abolition of slavery through parliament, "the only way to get it abolished and a majority vote through parliament was to insert the word 'gradual' into the legislation". Family of the controversial conservative politician have said their ancestor has been treated unfairly, and wrongly associated with delaying the abolition of slavery. HE had to be taken seriously because he was in parliamentary politics a Mr Fix-it, a man less interested in government as a branch of philosophy and more as a matter of practical achievement. 1768 September 28, 1768. A descendent of Scottish aristocrat Henry Dundas hit back against accusations that his ancestor supported slavery and said that the practice in the UK would have been abolished decades later if not for his distant relative, the BBC reported on Sunday. He entered the Royal Naval College at Portsmouth in 1815, and in February 1818 joined the Ister at Leith. 1768 September 28, 1768. For instance, I made the point that, with his cheeky sharp practice, Dundas was a fairly typical sort of Scottish politician, not only of the 18th century but also of the 21st. Dundas had nothing to do with the eventual success of slave trade abolition. "Henry Dundas was a man who was at the centre of a web of patronage that cast itself around the earth. Dundas passed legislation to free them. He had, for example, led the way in Parliament in showing there was a large body of MPs ready to accept the reality of an American victory in the War of Independence. For instance, he greatly improved the conditions under which the sailors of the Royal Navy served their country. and coh. It was reignited after anti-racism protests brought cities' colonial or slave-owning history to the forefront of public discussion. In respect of more general civil rights, Dundas again proved to be a liberator. Birth of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville. This documentary follows the debate over how controversial politician Henry Dundas should be remembered. But Bobby Dundas said "any attempt to... [give] people the idea he was in favour of slavery would be a profound injustice". In moving against the slave trade, the government had to take care not to alienate the many backbench MPs with connections in the City of London, where much of the wealth was held in the form of distant plantations and the wretched blacks who worked them. Prof Young added that Henry Dundas inserted the word "gradual" into the legislative proposals to ensure it made it to the statute book and that slavery would ultimately be abolished. "Dundas was a contentious figure, provoking controversies that resonate to this day. "Anything other than this would have been a provocation that would have put back the cause of abolition by decades", he added. of Sir William Gordon, 1st Bt., of Invergordon, Ross. "This represents Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville (1742 - 1811). If you have a complaint about the editorial content which relates to inaccuracy or intrusion, then please contact the editor here. Dundas said plainly in one of his speeches: “The slave trade ought to be abolished.”. IT is a striking stone column that for nearly 200 years has been one of the most prominent features of Edinburgh’s iconic skyline. BBC Scotland will tonight broadcast a documentary called “Scotland, Slavery and Statues”, which deals with the current controversy over Henry… I had better declare my own interest, which has two aspects. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Dundas,_1st_Viscount_Melville ; (2) 2 Apr. ; adv. 3da. b. ; Edinburgh Univ. The bloc says UK plants are obliged to help make up for possible shortfalls in EU production. Les manifestants pensaient que Dundas avait retardé de 15 ans le vote du Parlement pour abolir la traite des esclaves [3]. He was educated at Dalkeith Grammar and the Royal High School of Edinburgh before studying law at Edinburgh University. The Melville Monument is a 150-foot high monumental column.One of the most prominent memorials in Edinburgh, it commemorates Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, whose statue surmounts the column.. In the Scotland of his time, people might still be politically disfranchised for their religion. Collectively they paid for his memorial, the statue that still stands today atop a column in St Andrew’s Square, Edinburgh, his home town. Until recently, few Scots who stood under Edinburgh’s Melville monument or sauntered along Dundas Street; Canadians who walked down Toronto’s Dundas Street or gathered in Dundas Square; and residents of Dundas, Ontario, knew or cared about Henry Dundas, first Viscount Melville, (1742-1811) and his support for the slave trade. BORN on the Royal Mile of Edinburgh on April 28, 1742, Dundas was the fourth son of Scotland’s most senior judge, Lord Dundas, the Lord President of the Court of Session. If Dundas had not, through his abilities, risen to the top levels of government and stayed there – the first of his countrymen since 1707 to do so – then he might well have made a political career as a reformer, like his contemporary William Wilberforce. It is important that we continue to promote these adverts as our local businesses need as much support as possible during these challenging times. Dundas repealed the Scottish disabilities in 1793, and would have done the same for Ireland as part of the package for its political union with Great Britain in 1801. Her daughter, Henrietta, added: "It is factually incorrect that Henry was responsible. Melanie Newton Workers last night boarded up the Cenotaph and Winston Churchill's statue to protect them from damage ahead of another weekend of protests in the capital. s. of Robert Dundas† of Arniston by 2nd w. Anne, da. Dundas' critics have said the MP's gradualist approach was instrumental in deferring the abolition of slavery. Historian Hugh Thomas in his book on slavery stated that if it wasn't for Dundas, an MP for Midlothian, using his position as Home Secretary to frustrate efforts to end slavery it would have been abolished in the 1790s rather than in 1833. 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