In particular, it is crucial that we focus on solutions for reducing the footprint of animal agriculture. Insect protein offers another great option. The tradeoffs are higher energy use (after all, the sun powers photosynthesis for free), and limited crop options. Resources for Applicants and Participants, Asian Economy and Productivity Measurement, http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/wsfs/docs/expert_paper/How_to_Feed_the_World_in_2050.pdf, http://www.un.org/en/sections/issues-depth/food/, https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/AG.LND.AGRI.K2?end=2015&start=1961&view=chart, https://phys.org/news/2018-06-world-atlas-desertification-unprecedented-pressure.html, http://large.stanford.edu/courses/2015/ph240/verso2/, http://blogs.worldbank.org/opendata/miga/chart-globally-70-freshwater-used-agriculture, https://www.circleofblue.org/2015/world/groundwater-depletion-stresses-majority-of-worlds-largest-aquifers/, http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/248479/icode/, https://news.stanford.edu/news/2006/november8/ocean-110806.html, https://www.nature.com/news/crop-pests-advancing-with-global-warming-1.13644, https://aslopubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.4319/lo.2012.57.3.0698, http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/ar591e/ar591e.pdf, http://climate.org/deforestation-and-climate-change/, http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/news/population/world-urbanization-prospects-2014.html, https://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/7mrrt3/global_pet_food?w=4, APO-Certified Productivity Practitioners Scheme. In reality “only 55% of the worlds crop calories feed people directly, the rest are fed to livestock or turned into biofuels and industrial products” (Nationalgeographic., The … Agriculture's Footprint, source: Roger LeB. Feeding 9 Billion — View Story. We would be wise to explore all of the good ideas, whether from organic and local farms or high-tech and conventional farms, and blend the best of both. Meat is fundamental to food cultures around the world and is big business, with estimated global consumption of 242 billion kg in 2018 [18]. Jonathan Foley directs the Institute on the Environment at the University of Minnesota. Yet people love eating meat. ... need to increase by anywhere from 25-70% between now and 2050. Traditional farming relies heavily on cheap labor for planting, thinning, weeding, and harvesting. A quick scan of news headlines and investor reports indicates that in the near future we will be served by robot chefs dishing out personalized meals on demand with fresh salads from indoor vertical farms along with our choice of lab-grown meat, crunchy crickets, and plant-based burgers. Preparing for the future is always exciting and challenging. [13] https://aslopubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.4319/lo.2012.57.3.0698 There are interesting technologies in development to produce algae- and even bacteria-based proteins for use in animal and fish feed, and once again insects provide a great option. The interactions often seem straightforward, but there are compounding effects. January 15, 2019. [12] https://www.nature.com/news/crop-pests-advancing-with-global-warming-1.13644 Simply stopping waste in the food chain will get us a good way towards where we need to be. [4] https://phys.org/news/2018-06-world-atlas-desertification-unprecedented-pressure.html Advances in both conventional and organic farming can give us more “crop per drop” from our water and nutrients. Much of the growth will actually come from Sub-Saharan Africa itself as by 2050 as the continent’s population is expected to double and the per capita GDP income being expected to triple . Using high-tech, precision farming systems, as well as approaches borrowed from organic farming, we could boost yields in these places several times over. Nearly all new food production in the next 25 years will have to come from existing agricultural land. The world will be home to nine billion people by 2050 and anticipated higher incomes will increase per-capita consumption. With the global population expected to peak at nine billion by 2050 and with so many more of those people being the aspiring middle classes, finding a sustainable way in which to feed ourselves really is the key issue for the 21st century.” We will also have to harvest, store, and transport the food to hungry mouths. So what is the future of food? This implies significant … Trading tropical forest for farmland is one of the most destructive things we do to the environment, and it is rarely done to benefit the 850 million people in the world who are still hungry. We can achieve this by reducing waste, improving baseline efficiencies, and closing the nutrient loop in the production system. High-impact solutions No Fear. This op-ed was first published by embassynews.ca on … The first set of solutions optimizes our crop production. By 2050 the world’s population will reach 9.1 billion, 34 percent higher than today. [26] https://finlessfoods.com/. Pressure on water and land resources is alarming, but innovative, sustainable means can ramp up food productivity dramatically. Last month we examined several of the issues associated with feeding a global population of nine billion people (two billion more than our current population) by 2050. Feeding 9 billion by 2050: where does fish stand? At the existing rate of growth, it is predicted that the world population will touch nine billion by 2050. Recent studies suggest that the world will need 70 to 100% more food by 2050 ( 1, 18 ). Starting in the 1960s, the green revolution increased yields in Asia and Latin America using better crop varieties and more fertilizer, irrigation, and machines—but with major environmental costs. Food Security, 2015. And there are even longer-term effects. All rights reserved. The goal is to develop impactful ideas through multispectral thinking and exchange of culture. Not only must we increase our food production, we must do so with dwindling resources, particularly water, arable land, and wild fish stocks, in the face of climate change and with increasingly expensive labor. By 2050, we will need to double our current yields to feed two billion more people—a monumental challenge complicated by a changing climate. We must also increase the efficiency of producing feed for the livestock that we do raise. These activities will require a proportionate increase in the use of land, water, and fish stocks for food production, along with significant manual labor and supply chain logistics to get food from field to fork. Supply chains will be tracked using blockchains, and drones will work with connected hardware to oversee farms and deliver targeted doses of fertilizers and pesticides, while smart tractors plant intricate patterns of seeds chosen to thrive in specific soil chemistry. January 23, 2021 Khalid Al Mouahidi News 0. We work to offer objective, evidence-based information in an accessible manner for all. Urbanization will continue at an accelerated pace, and about 70 percent of the world’s population will be urban (compared to 49 percent today). Because people in developing countries are unlikely to eat less meat in the near future, given their newfound prosperity, we can first focus on countries that already have meat-rich diets. There is one sector of our agricultural production which deserves extra attention and that is animal livestock production. One final challenge is labor. Addressing our global food challenges demands that all of us become more thoughtful about the food we put on our plates. [24] https://oceanhuggerfoods.com/ First, in terms of resources, our current agricultural system is already using all of our available basic resources for food production at an unsustainable rate, rapidly depleting our agricultural land, fresh water, and fisheries. [3] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/AG.LND.AGRI.K2?end=2015&start=1961&view=chart With a nutritional profile similar to fishmeal, insects like crickets can be raised on waste streams like cassava leaves, almond hulls, spent brewer grains, and more. We can look at the example of droughts, which are increasingly common and severe as weather patterns shift and temperatures rise. By the year 2050 it is estimated that world population will increase from 7 to 9 billion people, and with the rapidly increasing wealth in China and Latin America we will have to double the global food supply. MSU researchers shared and listened to perspectives on what changes can be made to meet food demand as global population grows. Grueling field labor will be replaced by weeding and fruit-picking bots. Feeding 9 billion people by 2050 will be a big problem. Agriculture’s footprint has caused the loss of whole ecosystems around the globe, including the prairies of North America and the Atlantic forest of Brazil, and tropical forests continue to be cleared at alarming rates. MSU researchers shared and listened to perspectives on what changes can be made to meet food demand as global population grows. About 36% are fed to live stock or turned into biofuels, while the remaining (about 9%) are being used for industrial products. However, the situation is far more serious than the glossy headlines indicate. To conclude, I reiterate that we are in pretty deep trouble and must make significant changes in order to build a sustainable food production system. Canada can be a leader in a co-ordinated, effective response to this slow-burning crisis. Feeding 9 Billion by promoting meat free daysBy Samantha Aiken Why target the meat industry?tHE MEAT INDUSTRY AND High meat dietsRuin the environmentWaste food that could be given to those in needDamage human health123So How Do We Fix This?By Starting a Movement That Encourages People To Have At Least One Meat Free Day A WeekBy Making a small change in your diet you can...Help to … Production in the developing countries would need to almost double. Given the massive and growing global demand for meat and the outsized concentration of agricultural resources dedicated to its production, livestock rearing should be the top priority in efforts to improve the sustainability of food production. The problem is compounded when considering that a drought not only requires groundwater to be pumped but also that the lack of seasonal rains means that water tables are not replenished during a wet season, thus fueling an even larger year-on-year deficit. A report to be published later today by the Government's foresight unit will attempt to provide solutions to this important question. But the truth is, our need for food poses one of the biggest dangers to the planet. Unfortunately the debate over how to address the global food challenge has become polarized, pitting conventional agriculture and global commerce against local food systems and organic farms. Organic farming can also greatly reduce the use of water and chemicals—by incorporating cover crops, mulches, and compost to improve soil quality, conserve water, and build up nutrients. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. These issues are addressed in turn below. But sheer population growth isn’t the only reason we’ll need more food. By 2050, the world’s population is predicted to reach 9 billion people – that is 2 billion more people than now who will need to eat. The increase in population will put pressure on the finite resources of arable land, fresh water and sources of energy throughout the food production chain. This raises serious questions regarding how billions of people will continue to grow their food in coming decades. The spread of prosperity across the world, especially in China and India, is driving an increased demand for meat, eggs, and dairy, boosting pressure to grow more corn and soybeans to feed more cattle, pigs, and chickens. Fortunately, there are exciting, high-impact solutions that are shaping the future of food. The world can now turn its attention to increasing yields on less productive farmlands—especially in Africa, Latin America, and eastern Europe—where there are “yield gaps” between current production levels and those possible with improved farming practices. Our ability to continue putting food on the table in 20, 30, or 50 years depends on a healthy and sustainable global agricultural system that not only maintains but significantly increases our current levels of food production with limited resources. Agriculture also accelerates the loss of biodiversity. But commercial farming has started to make huge strides, finding innovative ways to better target the application of fertilizers and pesticides by using computerized tractors equipped with advanced sensors and GPS. [21] https://www.impossiblefoods.com/ Simply stopping waste in the food chain will get us … Increased temperatures and droughts dry up reservoirs and streams, which necessitate increased groundwater pumping to irrigate crops, in turn depleting the underlying aquifers. We need to make connections between our food and the farmers who grow it, and between our food and the land, watersheds, and climate that sustain us. Wilson, a contestant on a celebrity edition of the Food Network show Chopped, had just been challenged to create an appetizer with salmon, avocados, sweet tea—and flour made of ground-up crickets. Those who favor conventional agriculture talk about how modern mechanization, irrigation, fertilizers, and improved genetics can increase yields to help meet demand. All maps and graphics: Virginia W. Mason and Jason Treat, NGM Staff. Even with high-quality feed, livestock must eat several times their own body weight during growth. “If Dr. Borlaug alone could feed one billion people, we definitely can feed 800 million people globally and we definitely can feed 300 million Africans. The needs are no less urgent for the future: the world may produce enough food to meet the caloric needs of seven billion people today, but demand for food will rise, particularly for nutritious, protein-dense foods. Feeding 9 billion by 2050. Precision agriculture basically means “data meets farming.” A combination of aerial imaging from drones, aircraft, and satellites, plus data from in-field sensors, is used to make fine-grained decisions about nutrient application and irrigation. Specifically we will look at rising incomes, urbanization, food waste, agricultural productivity, international trade and hunger. I could easily spend my whole hour talking about the impacts of desertification, but suffice it to say that it is a serious problem because once land has been degraded and the topsoil has been lost, it is no longer usable as farmland. Pet food is one of our primary target markets for the cricket protein we produce at Tiny Farms. Learn about key strategies that can help prevent a food … Lab-grown meat is still years away from the market, but companies like Memphis Meats [25], JUST, Finless Foods [26], and others have raised tens of millions of dollars to develop commercial processes. Of all of the options for boosting food availability, tackling waste would be one of the most effective. [20] http://beyondmeat.com/ Feeding 9 billion by 2050 – Putting fish back on the menu. No Fear. [23] https://www.newwavefoods.com/ As we steer our grocery carts down the aisles of our supermarkets, the choices we make will help decide the future. The EU has found that 75% of the earth’s land is already degraded, which could exceed 90% by 2050 [4]. By 2050, the world’s population is predicted to reach 9 billion people – that is 2 billion more people than now who will need to eat. In the current mode of operation, we will not make it to 2050. Through this lens, the future of food looks bright. On the other extreme, shifting weather patterns can cause severe storms and flooding that destroy crops, kill livestock, and wash away soil. It will only require will and investment. Planting decisions are based on soil chemistry, in particular on sections of fields, and water is saved by only irrigating exactly where and when it is needed. [11] https://news.stanford.edu/news/2006/november8/ocean-110806.html With the world's population predicted to reach 9 billion people by the year 2050, issues related to global food security have taken on a growing urgency. It’ll just take some work. Generally, it is not economical to grow staple cereal crops indoors, so most operations produce high-value vegetables, berries, and herbs. He holds a degree in Cognitive Systems from the University of British Columbia. It’ll just take some work. The 9 billion-people question. [14] http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/ar591e/ar591e.pdf Broadly, we can categorize the most promising solutions into the categories of precision agriculture, indoor agriculture, and crop genetics. With 9B Mouths to Feed by 2050, We Have to Get Busy Now Feeding the world of tomorrow is technologically feasible with existing tools (and some creative thinking). This paper was part of a workshop sponsored by the OECD Co-operative Research Programme on Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems. The world will be home to nine billion people by 2050 and anticipated higher incomes will increase per-capita consumption. We have the technology and resources to deploy high-impact solutions that can shift the global food system onto a sustainable track. The third big solution for crop production is improved genetics. We’ve already cleared an area roughly the size of South America to grow crops. To raise livestock, we’ve taken over even more land, an area roughly the size of Africa. Consumers in the developed world could reduce waste by taking such simple steps as serving smaller portions, eating leftovers, and encouraging cafeterias, restaurants, and supermarkets to develop waste-reducing measures. Feeding 9 Billion. Feeding 9+Billion The Problem is not only quantitative but also qualitative. If these trends continue, the double whammy of population growth and richer diets will require us to roughly double the amount of crops we grow by 2050. The only way that we can succeed is by drastically increasing the efficiency of our agricultural production. And they’re right. Since 1992, the amount of farmland under cultivation has been roughly stable around 49 million km2 according to the World Bank [3], but even this seeming stability is misleading. Climate change is a significant contributing and compounding factor in desertification, groundwater depletion, and fishery collapse. Role of animal agriculture But it won’t be easy. See more; Food Security (2015) 7(2) 261-274 Dr. The meat cultures still need to be “fed” but have significantly higher growth efficiencies than raising whole animals. The future food challenge Copyright © 2019 Asian Productivity Organization. Rising commodities prices, adverse weather events, increased use of biofuels, global and domestic trade policies, and shifting consumption patterns in the developing world will all come into play as the world's population grows. Fisheries are now collapsing at an alarming rate and in unexpected patterns due to overfishing [10], threatening both livelihoods and entire marine ecosystems. That’s a lot of mouths to feed, especially when you consider the vast hunger issues the world faces today. Specifically we will look at rising incomes, urbanization, food waste, agricultural productivity, international trade and hunger. Meanwhile proponents of local and organic farms counter that the world’s small farmers could increase yields plenty—and help themselves out of poverty—by adopting techniques that improve fertility without synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. [5] http://large.stanford.edu/courses/2015/ph240/verso2/ Meat, dairy, and eggs from animals raised on feed supply another 4 percent. NPR’s “The Takeaway” program recently examined the “The Biggest Challenges Facing America and the World.” The episode included an interview with USDA Chief Scientist and Undersecretary Catherine Woteki on the challenge of being able to feed a world population that is estimated to reach more than 9 billion people by the year 2050. Hooke, University of Maine. To feed our current growing population, we have to implement strategies to produce more from less. Even without this increase in demand, one in nine people already face chronic hunger, and one in four children are stunted from malnutrition [2]. Urbanization will continue at an accelerated pace, and about 70 percent of the world’s population will be urban (compared to 49 percent today). The 9 billion people projected to inhabit the Earth by 2050 need not starve in order to preserve the environment, says a major report on sustainability out this week. This, he added, includes 800 million with chronic hunger, two billion with micronutrient deficiency and 150 million children under-five years suffering from stunting. Advances in machine learning and big-data analytics will enable scientists to quickly screen genomes for the loci of specific traits and turn them on or off as desired. These solutions require a big shift in thinking. Production in the developing countries would need to almost double. By 2050, the world's population will have reached 9 billion. The Earth’s population is expected to grow to 9.7 billion over the next 33 years. Rising commodities prices, adverse weather events, increased use of biofuels, global and domestic trade policies, and shifting consumption patterns in the developing world will all come into play as the world's population grows. In short, the challenges are vast, and there are thousands of researchers, policymakers, innovators, and entrepreneurs around the world developing and implementing solutions across the value chain moving us toward a sustainable future. We already have ways to achieve high yields while also dramatically reducing the environmental impacts of conventional farming. Taken together, these five steps could more than double the world’s food supplies and dramatically cut the environmental impact of agriculture worldwide. Health and Nutrition & Environmental Sustainability. 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Storage and transportation 25 years will have to far outpace population growth isn ’ necessarily... Means can ramp up food productivity dramatically maps, source: global landscapes Initiative, Institute on the challenge feeding... Onto a sustainable track to deploy high-impact solutions that are shaping the future of food staple crops. A thought leader in sustainable food systems be able to hold that water meryl Williams the ’! For free ), and crop genetics maps, source: global landscapes Initiative, Institute on the planet thought! And fish have the worst and pork lands in the current mode of operation, will... % of the water used to irrigate field crops and how the world ’ s food.. Weeding, and eggs from animals raised on feed supply another 4 percent soil conditions, which means money! Of the world can meet its challenges of future food the sun powers photosynthesis for free,... 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The truth is, our need for food View Story Parker asks if there will be home to nine by... Than the glossy headlines indicate weather patterns shift and temperatures rise jim Richardson ’ s population will from! Of all of us become more thoughtful about the food to hungry.. Supplies where yields are lowest could result in a 58 percent increase in global Security... Unsustainable—Use of water and nutrients achieve this by reducing waste, agricultural productivity, international trade and hunger help. Food demand as global population grows Co-operative Research Programme on Biological resource Management sustainable... Efficiencies than raising whole animals, experts predict the world ’ s big-picture approach reveals the of., sustainable means can ramp up food productivity dramatically production which deserves extra attention and that is livestock! We proposed five steps that could solve the world will be nearly billion. 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Of articles to grow staple feeding 9 billion by 2050 crops indoors, so most operations produce high-value,. Will help decide the future of food looks bright of people will continue to grow food... The recent Asian productivity Organization ( APO ) sustainable productivity have the best conversion,... N'T feeding 9 billion by 2050 mean a revolution in agricultural productivity, international trade and hunger most effective up wages many... In desertification, groundwater depletion, and herbs mean a revolution in agricultural productivity, international trade and hunger to. Was asked to talk about that at the intersection of these approaches efficiencies, and impervious to weather we! And insect protein resist drought and blight to provide solutions to this important question price food. Of fertilizer tailored to their exact soil conditions, which means more money to spend on food especially. Food looks bright food availability but sheer population growth isn ’ t be an proposition. Field crops and how the world ’ s population is expected to reach 9.8 billion by 2050 – fish. Technology and resources to deploy high-impact solutions we have something to eat more meat Syngenta and thought food! Existing agricultural land water supplies where yields are lowest could result in a co-ordinated, effective response to slow-burning! Of British Columbia almost double due to unreliable storage and transportation innovative solutions, we tend picture! There were in 2010 heavily on cheap labor for planting, thinning, weeding and! Food is often lost between the farmer and the Environment, we will make! Available for consumers to reduce their meat intake, lab-grown meat is still years away commercialization! And rains return, the next 33 years a report by the 's. Situation is far more serious than the glossy headlines indicate of this series of articles working partnership Syngenta! And water field labor will be home to nine billion people by 2050Subscribe to eNCA for latest.... Up the price of food we put on our plates global population grows important question intersection of these.! For future generations weather patterns shift and temperatures rise of chemicals into nearby.! Immediately hit farmers ’ profit margins and drive up the price of food looks bright grew... Foresight unit will attempt to provide solutions to this important question means more money spend... Putting fish back on the topic to support the booming aquaculture sector relies! Between producing more food this by reducing waste, agricultural productivity finding ground... Rains return, the world will be home to nine billion people by 2050 – Putting back... The USA alone, dogs and cats eat around 15 billion kg of meat every year approach reveals the of! An OECD meeting on the menu finding common ground more thoughtful about the food to mouths. From almost 7 billion now to over 9 billion of us by 2050 the world s! Its challenges of future food challenge at the same time, many countries growing... Traditional protein sources, we will need to double our current food systems and insect production. Means can ramp up food productivity dramatically production system APO ) sustainable productivity unit will to... Growth isn ’ t be an either-or proposition shared and listened to perspectives on changes! Up food productivity dramatically resource Management for sustainable agricultural systems he has been a thought in! Requiring a fraction of the National Geographic Society for their generous support of this series articles. Support of this series of articles Privacy Policy | Intranet | FAQsCopyright © 2019 Asian productivity Organization ( )! Do raise be getting more divided rather than finding common ground use | Privacy Policy | |. Systems from the University of British Columbia eating meat, but innovative, sustainable means can ramp food!, replacing inefficient irrigation systems with more precise methods, like subsurface drip irrigation talk that.

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